A. Pom pom breeding is the process of producing new varieties of pom pom by cross-pollinating different parent plants to create unique offspring with desirable traits.
B. Breeding pom pom is essential to the continued growth and development of this popular ornamental plant. It helps improve the genetic diversity and enhances the already beautiful and charming pom pom flowers.
C. Pom pom is a shrub that produces round clusters of colorful, tiny flowers. It belongs to the genus Chrysanthemum and is native to East Asia. There are numerous cultivars of pom pom, each with its unique qualities and characteristics.
D. The purpose of this article is to provide a comprehensive guide on how to breed pom pom successfully. We will discuss everything you need to know to produce healthy and robust new pom pom varieties.
II. Requirements for Pom Pom Breeding
Starting with the right equipment is crucial in producing healthy and robust pom pom seedlings. Here are the essential equipment you need:
- Pots or containers: you will need pots or containers to grow your pom pom seedlings. The pots should be big enough to accommodate the root system and allow enough room for growth.
- Soil mixture: because pom pom plants require well-draining soil, you should add perlite or vermiculite to your soil mixture.
- Fertilizers: such as slow-release granules, organic fertilizers, or liquid fertilizers to feed the seedlings.
- Watering can or spray: to water your plants and control the amount of water they receive.
B. Growing Conditions
Pom pom plants are delicate and have specific growing requirements. Here are the best growing conditions:
- Temperature: Pom pom plants thrive in moderate temperatures. The ideal temperature for growing pom pom plants is between 20-25°C.
- Humidity: Pom pom plants require high humidity levels of 70-80% for optimum growth.
- Light requirements: Pom pom plants require bright, indirect light to grow successfully. You can use grow lights to provide sufficient light to your plants.
III. Selecting Pom Pom Parent Plants
A. Characteristics of Ideal Parent Plants
The ideal parent plants for pom pom breeding are those with desirable traits such as color, shape, and size. Look for plants that produce large, full flowers with vibrant colors. Ensure the plants are disease-free and healthy to ensure they produce quality offspring.
B. Best Time to Select Parent Plants
The best time to select parent plants is just before blooming. You should select plants with healthy-looking buds to ensure they will produce quality offspring. It’s also essential to select plants that have undergone winter chilling, which is vital for flowering induction.
C. Where to Find Parent Plants
You can find pom pom parent plants at specialized nurseries, garden centers, and online stores. Ensure you choose reputable sellers to guarantee the quality of the plant you’re getting.
IV. Techniques for Pollination
A. Identifying Male and Female Flowers
Pom pom plants have both male and female flowers, which you will need to identify for successful pollination. Female flowers have a visible stigma at the center, while male flowers have long stamens.
B. Correct Time to Pollinate
The best time to pollinate pom pom plants is when the female flowers are fully matured and open. You should wait until the female flowers have started to wilt before attempting to pollinate them.
C. Pollen Collection
Pollen collection is a crucial step in pom pom breeding. To collect pollen, you need to remove the stamen from the male flower and tap it onto the stigma of the female flower. You can use a small brush to transfer pollen grains from the stamen to the stigma.
V. Caring for Pom Pom Seedlings
Pom pom seedlings require regular watering to prevent dehydration and ensure healthy growth. You should water the seedlings once per day during the growing season and reduce watering during the dormant season.
Pom pom plants require regular feeding to produce healthy offspring. You can use slow-release granules, organic fertilizers, or liquid fertilizers to feed your pom pom seedlings.
C. Controlling Pests and Diseases
Pom pom plants are susceptible to pests and diseases, such as powdery mildew, aphids, earwigs, and leaf miners. Regularly inspecting your plants and applying fungicides, insecticides, or pesticides can help control pests and diseases and ensure healthy growth.
VI. Harvesting Pom Pom Seeds
A. Timing for Seed Pod Maturity
You should harvest your pom pom seeds when the flower heads have wilted and turned brown. At this stage, the seed pods are fully matured and ready for harvest. You should remove the seed pods carefully from the flower head and dry them in a warm, dry place before storing them.
B. Harvesting the Seeds
To harvest the seeds, you should remove the seed pods from the flower heads and place them in a paper bag. You should label the bag with the parent plant’s name, date of harvest, and any other relevant information.
C. Storing the Seeds
To store the seeds, you should keep them in a cool, dry place, sealed in airtight containers. You can add a desiccant to the container to absorb any moisture and keep the seeds dry.
VII. Troubleshooting Common Issues
A. Low Seed Viability
If your pom pom seeds have low viability, it could be due to poor-quality seeds, improper storage conditions, or incorrect pollination techniques. Ensure you’re storing the pom pom seeds properly and using high-quality seeds to ensure high viability.
B. Poor Germination Rates
If your pom pom seeds aren’t germinating correctly, the soil mix may be too dry or too wet, or the seeds may not be getting enough light. Ensure you’re watering the soil correctly and providing enough light to the seedlings.
C. Pest Infestations
If your pom pom plants are under pest infestation, inspect your plants regularly and apply suitable pesticides to control the infestation. Ensure you’re keeping the plants healthy and high-quality to reduce pest infestation.
D. Tips to Overcome Issues
If you encounter any issues during pom pom breeding, consult a gardening expert or a horticulturist. They can provide valuable advice and tips to overcome any issues.
A. Summary of Key Points
Breeding pom pom is a delicate process that requires careful attention to detail. To breed healthy and robust pom pom varieties, you need to provide the right growing conditions, select quality parent plants, use correct pollination techniques, care for seedlings correctly, and overcome common issues such as poor seed viability, low germination rates, and pest infestations.
B. Final Tips for Breeding Pom Pom
To achieve successful pom pom breeding, you need patience, meticulous attention to detail, and a willingness to learn. Ensure you’re using high-quality equipment and starting with quality parent plants. Regularly monitor and care for your seedlings to ensure healthy growth and avoid common pitfalls.
C. Encouragement to Practice Pom Pom Breeding
We encourage you to practice pom pom breeding and experiment with different breeding techniques to produce unique and beautiful offspring that will delight any gardener. It’s a rewarding experience that allows you to express your creativity and passion for gardening.